The 5 Main Hives: Your Windows Registry in a Nutshell

November 28th, 2007

Even though registry repair software is designed to do all the dirty work for you, to get the most out of any registry cleaner you use, not to mention to avoid any problems to your computer caused by using the software, it helps to understand what it’s doing.

Just like a manager or supervisor should understand the basics of the duties being performed by their underlings, so should you have a passing knowledge of what your registry cleaner is proposing to clean.

A Windows Registry is built like a Tree, with a hierarchal structure with main branches called Hives, off of which Keys and Values are grouped like bundles of leaves. The keys and values in each hive relate to a unique and specific function of your PC, organized in such a way as to make it easiest for your Windows operating system to find all the information it needs to perform whatever function you command of it.

There are 5 main hives beneath which most of the entries in your Windows registry are contained. Learn to recognize the prefixes that identify to which hive a registry entry belongs, and you’ll have a reasonable idea of what area of functionality that entry relates to.

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT stores information on applications and their corresponding file types (in other words, where your computer looks to find out what application to use when opening any given file as well as what files to use when running any given program);

HKEY_USERS stores information on each individual user on that system (such as Preferences, etc.);

HKEY_CURRENT_USER stores all data relating to the current, active user on the system (that means you, at the moment);

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE stores information on all the software and hardware installed on the system as well as all security policies, settings, and system booting procedures;

HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG: stores all the vital configuration data that pertains to the hardware and software currently active on the system (in other words, all the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE info relevant to whatever hardware and software are currently being utilized).

Now, when your registry cleaner identifies registry entries it suspects need some sort of fixing or cleaning, you’ll be able to examine that entry yourself with a keener understanding of what it does and whether your computer needs it or not.

5 Most Common Windows Registry Errors – And How to Fix Them

November 28th, 2007

There are all different sorts of registry errors you might encounter while using your PC. The following are 5 of the most prevalent.

Runtime Errors – These are when a software application that you currently have running on your computer runs into a problem. This could be caused by a number of reasons, most typically unresolved programming glitches otherwise known as “bugs” in the program.

DLL Errors – DLL stands for Dynamic Link Library. DLL files are software modules comprised of libraries of executable codes and functions that software applications can call upon when needed to perform particular tasks. Your computer has literally thousands of these DLL files, leading to a high probability of DLL errors caused by a variety of different factors, most commonly an overwritten or deleted shared DLL, malfunctioning software applications and hardware devices, faulty installation of applications, and malware infections.

Stop Errors – These types of errors have numerous possible causes and can occur at virtually any point in the operation of your PC, from startup to shutdown. Problems that can cause stop errors include trouble with the driver for a particular device, malfunctioning or overheating hardware components, system BIOS that are incompatible, difficulties with software applications that attach themselves to core operating system files in order to perform certain tasks, overburdened system resources, and damaged files.

VxD Errors – Windows uses Virtual Device Drivers to establish a communications link between your system hardware and lower level internal Windows operating system functions in order to perform privileged CPU mode operations.
VxD errors can be caused by incompatible or out of date versions of the VxD files on your system, a faulty hardware device, a missing device identifier, conflicting drivers, Plug-and-Play feature errors, a faulty motherboard, an improper CMS configuration, and malware infections.

ActiveX Errors – Active X technology is used to create software components that can then be incorporated into applications that may or may not utilize the same programming language. Active X errors are most commonly caused by faults and breaches in your PC security.

Fortunately, fixing all these errors is far simpler than explaining or understanding them all. Just install a top-notch registry cleaner, and use as directed.

The Most Important Feature of Any Registry Cleaner

November 28th, 2007

It’s not a Threat-Level Indicator, and it isn’t a Scheduler (though both have immense value to users). And it’s certainly not a Free Scan (if you haven’t noticed yet, they’re ALL free to scan, at first). What then is the most important feature to look for in choosing which registry repair software to buy?

Two words: Backup and Restore.

Registry repair isn’t a task to be taken lightly. If you accidentally delete, edit, or move one wrong item, you could cause irretrievable data loss, program failure, or even worse, a full system crash.

Responsible registry repair programs therefore include a Backup and Restore feature that backs up all the data in your Windows registry before making any changes to it whatsoever, and enables you to restore your registry to that former state should the need ever arise (for example, if the outcome of a registry cleaning wind up causing you more problems than you’d originally started with).

It isn’t difficult to find registry cleaners with Backup and Restore features, nowadays most of them have it. (Of course, if a registry cleaner you’re considering doesn’t have it, stop considering it.) What is sometimes difficult is to remember to use it. Oftentimes we fail to recognize the value of such a safety net until it’s too late. Don’t let that happen to you.

Before you run any registry cleaner, be sure you know where the Backup button is and remember to use it before you let the program begin fixing errors, deleting duplicate entries, defragmenting files, and so forth. Of course, sometimes our own haste and distractions make this harder to do in practice than in theory it seems it should be.

In light of that, many of the savvier registry cleaners now protect you even further by building in automated backups. Here, your registry repair software automatically backs up your registry on its own before making any changes, whether you remember to command it to or not, protecting you from your greatest saboteur – yourself.

Now, you can’t put a price on that kind of protection.

Top 5 Reasons Why You Need Registry Repair Software

November 27th, 2007

1. Increase performance

A damaged or bloated Windows registry can severely burden your PC and slow down its performance. By simply running registry repair software, your PC can process your requests more quickly and efficiently, thereby vastly speeding up your PC’s performance.

2. Frees Up Hard Drive Space

Obsolete and unwanted files take up valuable space on your hard drive. When you try to manually delete these files, traces are often left behind in strange and hard-to-find places. A PC registry repair program will remove all traces of those files and free up more space on your hard drive than you ever could on your own.

3. Eliminates Errors

If registry keys and other parts of your Windows registry aren’t stored properly, your computer is unable to find what it needs to process your requests and, therefore, gives you error messages. In the worst of cases, you can even find yourself facing the notorious Blue Screen of Death. Simply running a registry repair program can take care of these errors for you once and for all.

4. Saves You Money

At a loss for how to solve problems with their PC caused by simple and altogether common problems with their registry, many people employ expensive and unnecessary solutions in an effort to get their computers running properly again. Some pay to reinstall their entire operating system, in essence starting from scratch in order to correct what’s actually an easily correctable problem. Others will pay exorbitant sums to local computer technicians to perform the same kinds of registry repair that you can more cheaply, quickly, and easily perform yourself by simply running a registry cleaner.

5. Because Manual Registry Repair is Tricky and Dangerous

Cleaning and repairing your Windows registry requires specialized knowledge of your PC and its inner workings. If you do not possess this expertise on your own then manually attempting to fix errors in your Windows registry could lead to more problems than you started with. You could accidentally delete important files that your computer needs in order to operate properly. In the most severe of cases, you could end up losing a lot of valuable time and spending an exorbitant amount of money to have a professional fix your mistakes.

Hello All!

November 27th, 2007

Welcome to my Blog. This is my first post. Lets start blogging!